What is psoriasis? Psoriasis is an extremely painful and debilitating illness which affects the human skin. It is known to be caused directly by a failure of the immune system, in that T cells will falsely believe that skin cells are a threat to the body. Why this happens is still unknown.
The symptoms of psoriasis are varied, but they usually involve flaky skin, and skin peeling off from certain parts of the body. Different types of psoriasis will create slightly different symptoms and affect different parts of the body, but the common factor of flaky skin will always be there. The immune system is one of the most important parts of the human organism, as it keeps the body able to fight off invading viruses and other predators seeking to do harm. It needs to be kept functioning at an optimal level, by making sure that the body gets enough of the nutrients it needs to be able to keep it functioning.
Vitamin C and zinc are the most important vitamin and mineral combination. Sometimes, the immune system will malfunction for no apparent or obvious reason, and skin diseases can be one result of this. The frequency with which psoriasis symptoms are felt can vary greatly from case to case, but the best advice which can be given in any case is to lessen the factors which can trigger an attack. Although the disease can never by completely cured, it is quite possible for a sufferer to go for many months with no symptoms or reaction. The cycle with which skin cells grow and die off will have an influence on this, but that cycle is typically faster during psoriasis in any case. Symptoms will often recur without any specific trigger, as the disease was only lying dormant.
When asking “What is psoriasis?”, you need to bear in mind that there are several different types, and that they can affect different parts of the body in different ways. The most common type is plaque psoriasis, which is characterized by dry, red, scaly skin. Around four out of every five cases of psoriasis are plaque psoriasis in one form or another. Guttate psoriasis is also common, especially in young people recovering from throat infections. This type of the disease can often clear up completely, but it can develop into plaque psoriasis. Other types of psoriasis are far less common.
The most effective of psoriasis treatments, in keeping the disease at bay, is simply to avoid anything which is known to trigger an attack. Everyone benefits from following a basically healthy lifestyle, but this is even more important for anyone who is suffering from this type of condition. Alcohol and smoking can definitely be triggers for a psoriasis attack, and are best completely avoided. The most obvious trigger of all is a skin injury, so take care to avoid situations where this can occur. Playing sport on hard surfaces where you could fall and injure your skin is definitely not a good idea.
While there is no psoriasis remedy as such, there are steps you can take to reduce symptoms, and also to reduce the likelihood of an attack occurring. One of the most important factors is to maintain a fundamentally healthy lifestyle, avoiding such risk factors as smoking and alcohol. Of course, it is far easier to tell someone to quit smoking than it is to actually achieve this, but it will be greatly beneficial to you if you can achieve this. Although exercise which could result in a skin injury will need to be avoided, it is certainly beneficial to carry out regular light exercise.
It is important to be certain as to what is psoriasis and what is just a short term skin infection before any treatments can start. There is no blood test which can determine the presence of psoriasis, but a trained doctor will be able to diagnose it from the skin. Occasionally, a physician will refer a patient to a skin specialist to be absolutely sure. Once this has been done, treatment can begin. Although there is no actual cure for psoriasis, it is possible to relieve the symptoms. Derivatives of vitamin D are the safest treatments to start with.
When asking “What is psoriasis?”, many people overlook the fact that it is is a dynamic condition which can change over time. The best example of this is the guttate psoriasis, which can disappear in time, or which can just as easily change into a long term plaque psoriasis. The treatment will obviously need to change as the condition changes, both external treatments applied to the skin, and the internal treatments taken orally. Ultraviolet light treatments are also possible, but due to their effect on the sin they can only be used when you are sure what it a temporary condition and what is psoriasis.